10 Stock Market Terms That You Should Know

Suppose you want to gain a competitive advantage in the stock market. In that case, familiarizing yourself with key terms such as support and resistance levels, technical analysis, fundamental analysis and moving averages can be immensely beneficial. In addition, knowing key stock market terms can be a great way to increase your knowledge and understanding of how it works. 

Stock market terms such as support and resistance levels, technical analysis, fundamental analysis, and moving averages are critical for traders and investors. Understanding these concepts is essential to make informed decisions when trading or investing in stocks. This post provides an overview of 10 fundamental stock market terms traders must know.

What Is a Stock?

A security that signifies possession in a corporation and gives the owner an entitlement to some of its profits and resources is referred to as a stock. Stocks can be purchased or sold through an online brokerage, typically via a stock exchange such as the NYSE or Nasdaq.

By investing in stocks, you partially own the company that issued them. The more shares you own, the greater your stake in the firm’s success. As an owner, you have certain rights, including voting privileges at shareholder meetings and entitlement to dividends when declared by management.

The price per share fluctuates based on market conditions; it rises when investors believe that future earnings will increase or fall if expectations decline for any reason. In addition, when buyers exceed sellers, prices tend to increase; conversely, when more stocks are available than those interested in buying them, prices typically decline.

Technical analysis is one-way investors try to predict how stocks may move in relation to their historical performance patterns using charting techniques like trendlines or candlestick charts along with indicators like moving averages or oscillators like RSI (Relative Strength Index).

By studying past trends, traders attempt to determine where support/resistance levels may exist, which could signal potential buying opportunities ahead of time.

Fundamental analysis necessitates a comprehensive exploration of financial statements, such as, for example, income statements and balance sheets, alongside economic indicators like GDP growth or inflation levels to ascertain whether security may be undervalued relative to its actual worth.

This approach helps investors identify attractive investment opportunities while mitigating the risk of blindly investing in unknown companies without due diligence beforehand. Moreover, by utilizing this systematic process, traders can gain insight into where potential buying opportunities may lie ahead of time.

Moving averages are another important tool traders use that looks at recent closing prices over predetermined periods (such as 200-day MA). This helps smooth out short-term volatility so they can better spot underlying long-term trends across different securities being monitored.

These are often plotted alongside other technical indicators, providing valuable insight into possible entry/exit points during trading sessions throughout each day’s session(s).

A stock is an investment vehicle that provides a claim on corporate assets and can be exchanged in the open market. Transition sentence: Understanding how to analyze stocks using technical analysis techniques can help traders make more informed decisions when investing or trading.

Technical Analysis

Technical analysis is a method of evaluating the securities by analyzing past market data and predicting future trends. Charts, graphs, and other indicators are studied to identify patterns indicating potential future price movements. Technical analysts believe that all relevant information about a security is already reflected in its price movements. As such, they focus on studying these movements to anticipate future stock value changes.

The foundation of technical analysis lies in charting price action over time. Chartists use line, bar or candlestick charts to study price action and look for patterns that may suggest where prices are headed next. These patterns can include head-and-shoulders formations, double tops/bottoms or trend lines.

In addition to charting techniques, traders employ various indicators such as linear moving averages (MA), relative strength index (RSI) or stochastics, which measure momentum levels within an asset class or individual stocks. By combining both charting techniques with indicator readings, one can get a complete picture when trading stocks using technical analysis methods.

Support and resistance levels are another essential part of technical analysis, which refers to areas on the chart where buyers tend to step into the market, pushing prices higher. At the same time, sellers dominate at specific points, causing them to decline further down again.

When support levels hold up during pullbacks, further upside potential could be ahead. In contrast, when resistance holds back gains, it implies there could be more downside risk looming around the corner if those key levels break down eventually.

Finally, volume is another factor that needs to be considered when trading with technicals since it provides insight into how strong moves have been compared to their previous highs and lows before deciding whether current trends will likely continue going forward.

This helps traders avoid false signals generated due to low liquidity conditions while ensuring they enter positions only after seeing enough buying and selling pressure behind each move.

Analyzing stocks utilizing technical methods can be an excellent way for traders and investors to uncover potential trading prospects in the stock market. By understanding support and resistance levels, one can gain an edge over other participants in the market.

Support and Resistance Levels

Support and resistance levels are essential for traders and investors to understand when analyzing the stock market. They provide vital areas where a price may find difficulty breaking through or may reverse direction. Support is a level at which buyers become more active, causing the price of a security to rise off its lows. Resistance is a level at which sellers become more active, causing the price of a security to fall from its highs.

When looking at support and resistance levels on charts, it’s important to remember that they are not exact numbers but instead zones in which activity occurs.

Trendlines and channels are the most common tools for recognizing support/resistance levels, but other indicators like MA can also be used as markers. It’s also important to note that these levels can change over time due to market sentiment or news events affecting the traded stock.

Traders use support and resistance levels by setting up trades around them with stop-loss orders placed just outside the zone in case prices break through unexpectedly.

This helps protect against significant losses if prices move quickly against their position without giving them enough time to react accordingly before closing out their trade manually.

Another popular strategy involves waiting for prices to test one of these areas multiple times before entering into an order, hoping it will eventually break out either above or below this range, depending on what type of trade they’re placing (long/short).

Support and resistance levels are essential for traders to identify possible entry and exit points in the stock market. Fundamental analysis evaluates stocks based on financial statements, economic trends, industry news, and other data sources.

Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysis is a vital part of stock market investing. It involves looking at a company’s financial health to determine whether or not it’s worth investing in. By analyzing financial statements, investors can gain insight into a company’s performance and make informed investment decisions.

The most important aspect of fundamental analysis is understanding the company’s finances. This means looking at revenue growth, operating expenses, debt levels, cash flow, profitability ratios and more.

Investors should also pay attention to industry trends that could affect the performance of the company they’re interested in. Finally, investors should be aware of any industry-wide shifts that may have a bearing on the firm they are looking into, such as tech developments or changing consumer behavior.

By assessing the quality of management and their execution capabilities in strategy, investors can better understand potential returns on their investments.

In addition, analyzing how effectively management has implemented their plans over time allows for more accurate assessments than merely looking at financial figures alone could provide.

Thus, those with even minimal expertise in macroeconomics and finance can make informed investment decisions based on the quality of management’s strategic execution capabilities.

Considering the competitive landscape, customer loyalty, pricing strategies, supply chain risks, and the core elements of fundamental analysis are essential for making informed investment decisions. 

Finally, investors should stay updated with news related to their stocks/sectors/markets – both positive and negative news items. This information can provide valuable insight into current sentiment towards particular firms/industries/markets, which may influence future price movements accordingly, thus allowing for better-informed decisions.

Fundamental analysis evaluates stocks by examining their financial and economic data, such as sales growth, earnings per share, debt levels and other factors. Moving averages are technical indicators that smooth out price action over time to identify trends more quickly.

Moving Averages

Traders and investors often rely on moving averages to dampen short-term price fluctuations and detect longer-term patterns in the stock market. As a result, they can help investors determine when it is an excellent time to buy or sell a particular security and provide an indication of future price movements. 

Moving averages are calculated by firstly taking the average closing price over a set period (usually 20 days) and then plotting that data on a chart. Next, a running mean of the most recent values is generated by adding new figures and discarding old ones, thus giving an updated look at where prices have been heading.

The SMA is typically the go-to moving average for experienced traders and investors. Nevertheless, EMA, WMA and VWMA are also widely utilized to understand market trends.

For example, EMA gives more emphasis to recent data points, WMA assigns weights based on user preference, and VWMA considers both volumes traded and closing prices for each day’s trading session – all of which offer a savvy investor an edge in predicting future price movements.

Advanced traders and investors often utilize multiple moving averages concurrently to gain deeper insights into market behavior. For instance, plotting two different SMAs on one chart with varying timeframes, such as 10 days compared to 50 days, can help compare short-term momentum against long-term trend direction.

Similarly, they may layer EMAs or WMAs along SMA lines to get a better sense of potential buying or selling opportunities that emerge from momentum or trend direction changes, respectively. 

Moving averages are an excellent tool for traders and investors to help them identify trends in the stock market. In addition, moving averages offer a straightforward means of gauging fluctuations in cost over time, thereby permitting traders to make educated choices regarding their investments. With that said, many other terms associated with trading stocks should be understood by all who wish to succeed in this field.

Day Trading

Day trading is a form of active investing where traders buy and sell securities within one day instead of holding them for longer-term investment strategies like swing trading or value investing. The goal is to take advantage of small intraday price movements that can add up quickly if done correctly.

Short selling involves borrowing shares from another investor so you can sell them immediately, hoping their value will decrease before they need to be returned later. This is betting against the success or failure of certain stocks, intending to make a profit if your prediction comes true before too much damage has been done financially.

Having a good understanding of these 10 stock market terms is essential for any investor or trader. With this knowledge, you can move on to the next heading: Nasdaq Glossary, which provides more in-depth explanations and definitions of commonly used trading terms.


Nasdaq Glossary is an assortment of stock exchange vocab and interpretations employed in the trading domain. It includes terms related to stocks, such as “initial public offering” (IPO) or “major stock market indexes,” as well as more general financial terms like “market capitalization” and “capital gains.”

An Exponential Moving Average (EMA) gives more weight to recent data points than older ones, allowing traders to identify short-term trends that a Simple Moving Average (SMA) might miss. By applying weighting factors, EMAs provide an effective tool for discerning shifts in market direction and keeping tabs on the pulse of the stock market. As a result, investors can utilize EMA to their advantage, allowing them to make informed choices about their investments with assurance.

Investors of all calibers can access worldwide corporations by buying NYSE, LSE, TSE, NASDAQ, HKEXC and SSE shares. By doing so, they can get a piece of the pie without having direct ownership interests like real estate. With proper research and savvy investing decisions, investors can use this chance to make their money work for them. 

The Nasdaq Glossary is an essential reference for stock market enthusiasts, furnishing a comprehensive breakdown of significant terms and ideas. Stock Terms further delves into the nuances of trading stocks, offering detailed explanations to help traders make informed decisions.

Bid Ask Spread

The bid-ask spread is the range between the maximum rate a purchaser will pay for an asset and the least cost a seller will offer. The gap between bid and ask prices may be impacted by the availability of the asset, along with market turbulence.

If there is an imbalance between buyers and sellers, then the bid-ask spread could be affected; if more purchasers are present, bids may go up while offers decline, whereas if more vendors exist, then offers may rise while bids drop.

Bull Market

A bull market is when stock prices climb, and investors have positive outlooks for future returns. This type of market usually occurs after an extended period of economic growth, low unemployment, and increasing consumer confidence. Bull markets typically last several years before they eventually turn bearish.

In contrast to a bull market, during which stock prices rise due to optimism about the economy or company performance, bear markets are characterized by falling stock prices resulting from pessimism. Bear markets can last from a short while to an extended period, depending on when investors feel more confident in stocks.

Volatility indicates the extent of stock price fluctuation over time, with rapid changes occurring in brief durations such as days or weeks. It’s measured by calculating how much the price changes over specific periods compared with its average price during those same periods.

High volatility means more risk and potentially greater rewards if you make suitable investments at the right times.

Bear Market

A bear market occurs when prices of securities fall over an extended time due to decreased investor confidence and pessimism about future economic growth or other unfavorable conditions such as political uncertainty. It’s usually characterized by falling stock prices that continue for several months or years before eventually leveling off or correcting upward again.

Short selling involves leveraging borrowed shares from a broker to capitalize on the anticipated decline in their value, intending to repurchase them at a lower price and profit off of the difference minus any applicable fees. This approach carries considerable risk as it requires accurately predicting market movements.

However, its potential returns can be quite lucrative due to not needing to invest much capital upfront compared to traditional long positions taken out on stocks/ETFs/etc.

Stock trading terms for beginners are essential to understand the stock market and its associated concepts. By familiarizing themselves with the stock market, investors can anticipate how any fluctuations in its trends may impact their investments.

What Does the Stock Market Do

The stock market is an important part of the global economy. The stock market enables people to acquire and trade stocks, gain from price variations, and enable firms to secure funds. In a nutshell, it’s a marketplace where buyers and sellers can interact with each other in order to trade securities such as stocks, bonds, options, futures contracts and more.

Technical Analysis uses charting tools such as candlestick charts or line graphs to identify patterns that may indicate future price movements. Technical analysts look for trends in trading volumes or price changes over time which could signal to buy opportunities or potential selling points.

By studying historical data about past price movements, they can predict what might happen next with the stock market.

Buyers and sellers create resistance when they meet at specific points on a chart, forming support and resistance levels. When one side attempts to break through the boundary set by the other, these areas can act as barriers that are difficult for prices to move above until something else provides enough momentum to push them into new territory. 

Fundamental Analysis necessitates more in-depth research than Technical Analysis as it concentrates on corporation fiscal data such as income growth rate, earnings per share (EPS), debt to equity ratios and so forth rather than just considering technical signals alone. 

By assessing how healthy a company’s finances are, fundamental analysts can determine whether its shares will increase or decrease in value over time based on their current fundamentals compared to industry peers & competitors. 

Stock Market Terms Conclusion

In conclusion, understanding stock market terms is essential for traders and investors to become successful. A deep knowledge of the different types of stocks, technical analysis tools such as support and resistance levels, fundamental analysis methods like moving averages, and other key concepts in trading can help you make informed decisions when investing or day trading on the stock market.

By familiarizing yourself with these basic stock market terms, you will be well-equipped to begin your journey into financial markets.

Discover the secrets of successful day trading and investing with our comprehensive stock market analysis. Unlock potential profits with our in-depth reviews based on independent research.

Updated: January 3, 2023
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